Bone and Soft Tissue Tumors

Giant Cell Tumor Of Tendon

Giant Cell Tumor Of Tendon

Giant cell tumor of the tendon sheath is the second most common soft-tissue mass seen. Tumor mass can be perceived as an irritation reaction.  giant cell tumor of the tendon can be seen in hand and foot commonly, and also around the ankle and knee. There are two types named as nodular and diffuse.

When is Giant Cell Tumor of Tendon seen?

Giant cell tumors of the tendon is diagnosed frequently over the age of 30 and often times between the ages of 30-50. It is more common in women than men with Male / Female ratio being 3/2.

What causes Giant Cell Tumor of Tendon?

What causes  Giant cell tumor of the tendon sheath is unknown. However, trauma, infection, metabolic disorders, such as irritable imflamation may induce  hyperplasia which considered to be reactive.

What are the clinical symptoms of  Giant Cell Tumor ?

Giant cell tumor of tendon sheath shows slow growth, with sensitivitive and multi-lobulated soft-tissue masses of nodular structures. The palm of the hand and the foot are more common. Adhesion to the skin and surrounding tissues may be observed. It does not cause any loss of function unless it  reaches a certain size.

What is the treatment of Giant Cell Tumor of Tendon Sheath?

Tumor and additional satellite tumor masses should be removed with surrounding tissue adhesion. . Rotation of malignancy have been reported. Local recurrence, recurrence ranged from 10-20%.

About the author

Prof.Dr. Seref Aktas