FEMORAL FRACTURES (thigh bone fractures)
Femur, the thigh bone as the body is one of the most robust and large bones. There is a very large muscle tissue surrounding the femur. Starting from the hip joint to the knee joint extends to the femur bone. Femur called bone fracture and femoral neck fracture.
What causes hip fractures?
The body is one of the most solid bones femur fractures, traffic accidents, falls, gunshot wounds are seen as the result of high-energy trauma. Other than that, bone tumors, infections, and the femur bone of the femur bone is weakened and more easily broken down.
What are the signs of femoral fractures?
Case of fracture of the thigh femoral deformities, severe pain, can no longer play thigh,cant step on leg on the fracture site, swelling of the open fracture wounds, also seen signs of blood loss due to bleeding.
How to put the diagnosis of femur fracture?
The initial physical examination, the diagnosis of femoral neck fracture is often placed. Orthopedic specialist, femur fracture extremity vascular and neural damage, neurological and circulatory searches by examination. After that, with the femur fracture splint or brace is often done and identified radiological examination. Select the type of radiological examination of the fracture is very important in choosing the appropriate treatment.
What is the treatment of femur fracture?
Almost always surgical treatment of femoral fractures in adults. Intramedullary nailing of femoral shaft fractures in adults and should be treated whenever possible. Intramedullary nailing; replace broken open (open), or to open (off), such as the femur bone, a nail into the tube placement. Unlocked or locked nailing nailing is done according to the type of fracture. Locked nailing of femur fractures in the upper and lower part of the tube-like nails, bone screws are properly identified and are identified and broken. To avoid shortening locked nailing is particularly fragmented and oblique fractures. Reduction in fracture risk, especially in the non-transverse fractures of the femur fracture from the top or bottom of the intramedullary nail or screw into the bone with only one screw ıdentified blocked due to rotation is allowed to shift the patient presses the broken ends of the approach of the other part is provided.
Other than that, femur fracture, plaques or rarely locked or unlocked, can be treated with external fixators.
How much time does it take to boil problems such as fracture of the femur, and what will happen?
Femur fractures are expected between 3-6 months to heal completely. Femoral fractures, delayed union, shortening, angular union, defects can be seen in the rotation. Apart from this infection, deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism and other common complications. If there is a situation where patients broken femur barrier to prevent deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism prophylaxis with low-dose heparin for a period of 4 weeks making. Often, patients with gunshot wounds of the shock can be seen in the main vascular injuries.