Avascular Necrosis of Femoral Head
Avascular necrosis of the femoral head
Interruptions as a result of the femoral head is a disease of the vasculature. Appearance of the disease in the femoral head a limited number of vessels supplying the femoral head is the most important reason. Bone tissue is constantly torn down and made into a loop. If the interruption to the blood supply to the femoral head bone turnover will be weaker than would be impaired and non-renewable necrotic bone. This bone, joint trauma, any deterioration in the structure of the global slump and the bone will be. In this case, the hip joint pain and calcification of the articular surfaces will lead to advanced stages of corrupting.
What are the situations that cause avascular necrosis of femoral head disease?
Avascular necrosis of the femoral head, femoral head fractures of the femoral neck after the feeding vessels in the network formed, in patients receiving long-term steroid therapy, alcoholism, gout disease, clotting disorders, sickle cell anemia is common in divers.
What are the signs of Avascular Necrosis of Femoral Head disease?
Head The most important finding in Avascular Necrosis of Femoral disease is pain.It is seen in patients over thirties and often seen in women. Pain felt in the groin, buttocks, front, or back. Shortening downtime and within walking distance in patients seen as a complaint.
How the Avascular Necrosis of Femoral Head disease diagnosed?
Avascular Necrosis of Femoral Head suspicion is the first step in the diagnosis of disease with clinical findings. The early stage of avascular necrosis of the femoral head sphericity of the femoral head in advanced stage of deterioration diagnosis is normal radiographs, joint collapse, is the formation of cysts. MRI examination is required to confirm the diagnosis is often present at an early stage. Decreased blood supply of the femoral head in patients with suspected bone scintigraphy supports the diagnosis.
How is the Treatment of avascular necrosis of the femoral head?
Sphericity of the femoral head is intact, ie, treatment of early-stage phases: 1 – trauma to the joint, to prevent collapse load is not given, the patient’s foot is carried out by pressing the crutches, 2 – are initiatives to increase blood supply to the bone. These drilling holes in the bone called the process of opening and the ‘core decompresyon called’ tunneling process of bone 1 cm in diameter. Avascular bone grafts into the core or in appropriate cases also applies to these tunnels. In the event that the joint is in advanced stages of collapse collapse determines the amount and location of treatment. Minimal collapses, exercise, and symptomatic treatment with drugs are antiemflamatuvar. Non-overlapping part of the load of the joint crashes will be the collapse of the joint orientation of the femoral head is replaced. Simply called femoral osteotomy bone cutting and routing the surgery is performed. Femoral head collapse to prevent an important part in daily activities covered by the patient’s level of pain in patients with hip replacement surgery is applied.
What are the surgical treatment of avascular necrosis of the femoral head?
The results reported in non-surgical treatment of avascular necrosis of femoral head is not very satisfactory. However, avascular necrosis of the femoral deal not to load to the side, set of bisphosphonate drugs and hyperbaric oxygen treatments are also available.